Former US Ambassador to Nigeria, John Campbell, stated that Nigeria is at a Crossroads.
NewsReport June 1, 2021
Nigeria as a nation is at a point of no return, according to the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the Harvard Kennedy School in the United States, and has shown all the hallmarks of a failed state.
NewsReport gathered that Nigeria is currently in its final phase, according to the organization, which made the disclosure through its senior fellow and former US Ambassador to Nigeria, John Campbell, and Mr. Robert Rotberg, who is the founding director, Harvard Kennedy School’s Program on Intrastate Conflict and president emeritus, World Peace Foundation.
The organization stated that their stance was founded on “a corpus of political philosophy formed at the turn of the century and elaborated on, case by case, ever since,” rather than on emotion or a desire to use derogatory language to describe the situation.
According to the research, Nigeria has progressed from a weak state to a “fully failed state,” exhibiting all of the hallmarks of a failed state, including the government’s incapacity to protect residents, large-scale violence, and a festering insurgency.
They believe that President Muhammadu Buhari’s admission that the federal government has lost control of the situation is the first step toward restoring stability. Nigeria’s failure as a state, they said, will have serious ramifications for peace and security in the West African sub-region, as well as Europe and the United States.
“Nigeria has long been on the verge of collapse. Nigeria has now become a fully failed state of significant geopolitical importance, unable to keep its inhabitants safe and secure.
“Its failure is significant because a stronger Nigeria is necessary for Africa’s peace and prosperity, as well as avoiding the spread of chaos and militancy around the world.
“Its economy is widely regarded as Africa’s largest or second-largest, following South Africa. Nigeria, being the hegemon of West Africa for so long, has played a constructive role in supporting African peace and stability.
“With state failure, that vocation can no longer be sustained, and no alternative is in sight. In the face of growing jihadism, its security issues are already destabilizing the West African region, making the Sahel’s fights that much more difficult to suppress.
“As a result of Nigeria’s shortcomings, Europe and the United States’ security is jeopardized.
“Thoughtful Nigerians have discussed, often vehemently, whether their country has failed during the last decade. Their consensus is growing that it has,” according to a story published on foreign policy(dot)com on Thursday.
“There are four kinds of nations,” the paper continues, “the powerful, the weak, the failing, and the collapsed.”
“According to previously published research estimates, 60 or 70 of the United Nations’ 193 members are strong—the countries that rate highest in Freedom House’s rankings, the US State Department’s human rights reports, Transparency International’s anticorruption perception indexes, and so on.
“Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen are the three countries that should be regarded collapsed.
“Eighty to ninety percent of the United Nations’ members are inept. Weakness is defined as the failure to provide many, but not all, of the most important public goods, such as security and safety. Governments cannot provide effective governance (the essential services that citizens expect) to their constituents if they are not safe within national borders.
“At least a dozen states, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, and Myanmar, are likely to fail.” Each lacks security, is unsafe, has weak laws, is corrupt, restricts political involvement and voice, discriminates against various classes and types of residents inside its borders, and provides limited educational and medical facilities. Failed states are, above all, violent.
“Internal violence, such as civil war or insurgency, is present in all failed states. Nigeria is currently dealing with six or more internal insurgencies, and the Nigerian state’s failure to give peace and security to its people has tipped a previously weak state into disaster.
“The government’s failure to combat the Boko Haram insurgency, according to political theory, is enough to classify Nigeria as a failed state. However, there are numerous more signs and symptoms. Citizens expect their governments to protect them against external attack and keep them safe within their boundaries at the very least.
“In exchange for allegiance and revenue, subjects struck a long-ago contract with their sovereigns to be protected from harm. When the quid pro quo breaks down, a state loses its coherence, its social fabric crumbles, and warring factions disrupt the social contract that should serve as the state’s essential underpinning.
“Nigeria appears to have reached its breaking point. Indeed, just a few places in Nigeria are now completely safe, according to the report.