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Nigerians may have to pay more for bread as the Russia-Ukraine war rages on.

Nigerians may have to pay more for bread as the Russia-Ukraine war rages on.



Wema Bank Alat

Nigerians may have to pay more for bread as the Russia-Ukraine war rages on.

Nigerians may have to pay more for bread as the Russia-Ukraine war rages on.


Bread, one of the most widely consumed necessities in most Nigerian households, is expected to climb in price if the present Russian-Ukrainian conflict continues.

NewsReport gathered that Russia is the world’s largest wheat exporter, accounting for more than 18% of global exports.


The disadvantage of the war is that if supply from Russia is distorted for whatever reason, Nigeria may face further surging wheat prices in its domestic market as a result of the supply gap, which could lead to an increase in the price of some other wheat by-products, such as bread and wheat meal, among others.


The price of bread was increased by more than 80 percent between 2020 and 2021.


In 2020, the Association of Master Bakers and Caterers of Nigeria (AMBCN) had hinted at a 50 percent increase in the price of bread citing the surging cost of raw materials and COVID-19 impact.


According to the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), wheat is the third most widely consumed grain in the country, with its local production only accounting for just 1% of the 5 to 6 million metric tons consumed annually, with the country relying on importation to meet local demands.


The demand-supply gap has necessitated the spending of over $2 billion on wheat importation annually, representing the second-highest contributor to the country’s food import bill.


A cursory glance at the foreign trade report from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Nigeria imported goods valued at N813.19 billion (over $2bn annually) between January and September 2021, representing 3.7% of Nigeria’s total import in the same period.


A further look at the data shows that Nigeria imported durum wheat worth over N128.1 billion in the 9-month period of 2021, while it recorded an N144.14 billion durum wheat import in the previous year.


Also, Nigeria imports different types of seafood from Russia, some of which include mackerel, meat, herrings, blue whiting, other fish, all in frozen form.


It is also worth noting that Nigeria imported vaccines for human medicine from Russia in Q4 2020.


In 2019, Russia and Ukraine together exported more than a quarter (25.4 percent) of the world’s wheat, according to the Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC).


In the event of outright aggression, the flow of wheat and grain could be disrupted. Economic sanctions or military action could have a significant effect on the cost of food as importers seek to find alternatives.


Ukraine is the fifth largest exporter of wheat, accounting for seven percent of sales globally in 2019.


Speaking exclusively with Daily Trust, the president of AMBCN said the current situation will definitely lead to an increase in the prices of flour.


He said: “Flour millers are happy to hear of things like this because they will capitalize on it to increase prices by hoarding the product to induce artificial scarcity.


“We are in trouble. I wish we were ready with the cassava flour at least, we can substitute with up to 10 percent and that will save this country billions of naira.


“As we speak, a major distributor of one of the brands has announced an N100 increase from Monday.”

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